1.1 Definition and branches of agricultural science
1.2 Importance of agriculture to the individual, community and nation.
2.1 Problems related
2.2 Possible solutions to identified problems
3.1 Meaning of subsistence and commercial agriculture.
3.2 Differences between subsistence and commercial agriculture based on their Characteristics
3.3 Advantages and disadvantages of subsistence and commercial agriculture.
3.4 Problems of subsistence and commercial agriculture.
4.1 Agricultural finance
4.2 Agricultural education
4.3 Agricultural extension services.
4.4 Agricultural policies and programmes
5.1 Meaning of non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
5.2 Roles of NGOs in agricultural development.
6.1 Land tenure systems in West Africa.
6.2 Government laws on land use in West Africa.
6.3 Advantages and disadvantages of the land use Act (Decree) and reforms in West Africa.
7.1 Meaning and importance of agricultural ecology
7.2 Meaning of agricultural ecology and ecosystem.
7.3 Components of farm ecosystem
7.4 Interactions of the components in the terrestrial and aquatic agro-ecosystem.
8.1 Meaning of land.
8.2 Characteristics of land
8.3 Uses of land
9.1 Physical factors
9.2 Economic factors
9.3 Socio-cultural factors
10.1 Agro-based industries and raw materials
10.2 Relationship between agriculture and industries
11.1 Climatic factors
11.2 Biotic factors
11.3 Edaphic factors
12.1 Types of rock
12.2 Processes of rock formation.
13.1 Factors of soil formation
13.2 Processes of soil formation
13.3. Soil profile development.
14.1 Types of soil.
14.2 Chemical and biological composition of soil
14.3 Soil pH.
14.4 Physical properties of soil
15.1 Macro and micro nutrients; their functions and deficiency symptoms in crops.
15.2 Factors affecting availability of nutrients in soil
15.3 Methods of replenishing lost nutrients.
15.4 Nitrogen, carbon, water and phosphorus cycles.
15.5 Organic agriculture – meaning and importance.
16.1 Meaning of irrigation system.
16.2 Types of irrigation systems
16.3. Advantages and disadvantages of irrigation systems.
16.4 Importance of irrigation.
16.5 Problems associated with irrigation.
17.1 Meaning of drainage.
17.2 Importance of drainage.
17.3 Types of drainage systems
17.4 Advantages and disadvantages of drainage systems.
18.1 Meaning of agricultural pollution.
18.2 Causes/sources of pollution of agricultural lands and fish ponds
18.3 Effects of land/pond pollution on farmers and agricultural productivity.
19.1 Simple farm tools
19.2 Meaning of simple farm tools.
19.3 Types of simple farm tools
19.4 General maintenance of simple farm tools.
20.1. Farm machinery
20.2. Tractor-coupled implements
21.1. Reasons for maintaining farm machines.
21.2 Maintenance of farm machinery
22.1. Meaning of agricultural mechanization.
22.2 Mechanized agricultural operations.
22.3 Advantages and disadvantages of agricultural mechanization.
22.4 Limitations of agricultural mechanization.
24.1 Sources of farm power.
24.2 Advantages and disadvantages of different sources of farm power.
25.1 Meaning of farm surveying.
25.2 Common survey equipment.
25.3 Uses of farm survey equipment.
25.4 Maintenance of farm survey equipment.
25.5 Importance of farm surveying.
26.1. Meaning of farm planning.
26.2 Factors to be considered in farm planning.
26.3 Importance of farm planning.
27.1 Meaning of farmstead.
27.2 Importance of farmstead planning.
27.3 Factors to be considered in the design of a farmstead.
27.4 Farmstead layout.
28.1 Classification of crops based on their uses
28.2 Classification based on their life cycle
28.3 Classification based on their morphology
29.2 Pulses (grain legumes)
29.3 Roots and tubers
30.1 Meaning of pasture and forage crops.
30.2 Uses of forage crops.
30.3 Types of pasture.
30.4 Common grasses and legumes used for grazing livestock.
30.5 Factors affecting the distribution and productivity of pasture.
30.6 Establishment of pasture.
30.7 Management practices of pasture.
31.1 Aims of crop improvement.
31.2 Methods/processes of crop improvement e.g. introduction, selection, breeding.
31.3 Mendel’s laws of inheritance.
31.4 Advantages and disadvantages of crop improvement.
32.1 Meaning of forest and forestry.
32.2 Importance of forestry.
32.3 Forest regulations.
32.4 Forest management practices.
32.5 Implications of deforestation.
33.1 Meaning of agro-forestry.
33.2 Agro-forestry practices:
35.1 Types of ornamental plants according to their uses:
35.2 Examples of ornamental plants.
39.1 Meaning of disease
39.2 General effects of diseases on crop production.
39.3 Disease: causal organism, economic importance, mode of transmission, symptoms, prevention and control
40.1 Meaning of pests.
40.2 Classification of pests:
40.4 Important insect-pests of major crops; Field and storage pests, life cycle, Economic importance, Nature of damage,
40.5 Non-insect pests e.g. birds, rodents etc.
40.6 Side effects of preventive and control methods
40.7 General effects/economic importance of pests.
41.1 Meaning of weeds.
41.2 Types of weeds.
41.3 Effects of weeds on crops and economy.
41.4 Characteristic features of weeds
41.5 Methods of controlling weeds: cultural, biological, chemical, physical and mechanical methods.
42.1 Types of farm animals: cattle, sheep, goat, poultry, pig, rabbit, fish etc.
42.2 Classification of farm animals according to:
43.1 Parts of farm animals.
43.2. Organs of farm animals e.g. heart, liver, lungs.
43.3 Systems of farm animal’s e.g. digestive system, circulatory system, respiratory system.
44.1 Meaning of reproduction.
44.2 Roles of hormones in reproduction of farm animals.
44.3 Reproductive systems of farm animals.
44.4 Processes of reproduction in farm animals.
44.5 Egg formation in poultry.
45.1 Meaning of environmental physiology.
45.2 Effects of changes in climatic factors such as:
46.1 Meaning of livestock management.
46.2 Requirements for livestock management: housing; feeding; hygiene and finishing of at least one ruminant and one non-ruminant from birth to market weight.
46.3 Importance of management practices.
47.1 Meaning of animal nutrition.
47.2 Classification of feeds.
47.3 Sources and functions of feed nutrients.
47.4 Types of ration/diet and their uses; components of a balanced diet, production and maintenance rations.
47.5 Causes and symptoms of malnutrition and their correction in farm animals.
48.1 Meaning and importance of rangeland/pasture to livestock and the characteristics of range land.
48.2 Common grasses and legumes in rangeland.
48.3 Factors affecting the level of production of herbage; rainfall, grass/legume composition, grazing etc.
48.4 Methods of rangeland and pasture improvement:
49.1 Meaning of animal improvement.
49.2 Aims of animal improvement.
49.3 Methods of animal improvement:
49.4 Artificial insemination.
50.1 Meaning of disease.
50.2 Causal organisms: viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa.
50.3 Factors that could predispose animals to diseases: health status of animals, nutrition, management etc.
50.4 Reaction of animals to diseases: susceptibility and resistance to diseases.
50.5 Causal organisms, symptoms, mode of transmission, effects, prevention and control of the following selected livestock diseases:
50.7 General methods of prevention and control of diseases and parasites: quarantine, inoculation/immunization, hygiene, breeding for resistance etc.
51.1 Meaning of aquaculture.
51.2 Different types of aquaculture:
51.3 Meaning and importance of fish farming.
51.4 Conditions necessary for siting a fish pond.
51.5 Establishment and maintenance of fish pond.
51.6 Fishery regulations – meaning and regulations.
51.7 Fishing methods and tools.
52.1 Meaning of apiculture or bee keeping.
52.2 Types of bees:
52.3 Importance of bee keeping.
52.4 Methods of bee keeping:
52.5 Bee keeping equipment: bee hives hive tools like suits, smokers, jungle boots, brushes etc.
52.6 Precautionary measures in bee keeping:
53.3 scale of preference
53.4 law of diminishing returns.
54.3 Labour – characteristics and classification
54.4 Management or entrepreneur.
55.1 Definition of demand.
55.2 Law of demand.
55.3 Factors affecting demand for agricultural produce.
55.4 Movements along the demand curve.
55.5 Shifts in the demand curve.
56.1 Definition of supply.
56.2 Law of supply.
56.3 Movements along supply curve.
56.4 Shifts in the supply curve.
56.5 Factors affecting the supply of agricultural produce.
57.1 Price support.
57.2 Price control.
57.3 Subsidy programme and its effects on agricultural production.
60.1 Meaning of agricultural finance.
60.2 Importance of agricultural finance.
60.3 Sources of farm finance.
60.4 Classes of farm credit:
60.5 Problems faced by institutions in granting loans to farmers: - lack of records and accounts etc.
61.1 Importance of farm records.
61.2 Types of farm records:
61.3. Designing farm records
61.4 Farm accounts
62.1 Meaning and importance of marketing of agricultural produce.
62.2 Marketing agents and their functions.
62.3 Marketing functions:
62.4 Marketing of export crops.
62.5 Export crops in West Africa.
62.6 Guidelines for exporting crops in West Africa.
62.7 Corporate bodies, cooperative societies and individuals engaged in exporting agricultural produce e.g. ANCE - Association of Nigerian Cooperative Exporters.
62.8 Importance of exporting agricultural produce.
62.9 Problems of marketing agricultural produce.
63.1 Meaning of agricultural insurance.
63.2 Insurance premium
63.3 Problems of agricultural insurance:
64.1. Meaning and importance of agricultural extension
64.2. Agricultural extension methods:
64.3 Agricultural extension programmes in West Africa e.g. ADP, NDE, Agro-service centres, state ministries of agriculture and natural resources
64.4 Problems of agricultural extension in West Africa. E.g. illiteracy among farmers, inadequate transports facilities etc.
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